Dubai is situated on the Persian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates and is roughly at sea level (16 m/52 ft above). The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast. Dubai lies directly within the Arabian Desert. However, the topography of Dubai is significantly different from that of the southern portion of the UAE in that much of Dubai's landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country. The sand consists mostly of crushed shell and coral and is fine, clean and white. East of the city, the salt-crusted coastal plans, known as sabkha, give way to a north-south running line of dunes. Farther east, the dunes grow larger and are tinged red with iron oxide.
Dubai has a hot and, at times, humid climate (drier during extreme heat) with many months recording temperatures of over 40 °C (104 °F). Rainfall is generally light, with a mean of about 150 millimeters (6 in) per year precipitation is usually centered around January, February and March. However, heavy rain is not uncommon in Dubai during the winter months and January 2008 saw a record of 120mm (or 5") of rain falling in just 24 hours. The mean humidity in Dubai is about 60% and is higher during the cooler winter months.
Fact File - Dubai
Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Land: 82,880 sq km Water: 0 sq km
GMT +4:00 Hours
Philippine Peso (PHP)
Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%
Dubai enjoys an arid subtropical climate, with blue skies and sunshine all year round. The hottest months are between June and September, when temperatures can soar to 113F (45C) and more during the day and humidity levels are very high.